Projects that contribute to the natural environment

As an objective of its business management, Red Eléctrica undertakes to contribute to sustainable development and biodiversity conservation, and therefore, amongst other measures, it develops and carries out various environmental and social projects.

Lecrinnova: innovating for rural development

Red Eléctrica, the Spanish Transmission System Operator, is promoting Lecrinnova as a company pioneering social innovation project, seeking a new way of interacting with the regions in which it operates, providing specific solutions to problems related to the limited development in rural settings in Spain.


Available only in Spanish

What is social innovation?

Social innovation

Why we are committed to social innovation?

Social innovation

Keys to social innovation: driven by needs, depending on people

  1. Social needs and challenges
  2. Multiple actors and collaborations between sectors
  3. User empowerment and participation
  4. Different models of government
  5. New ecosystems for social innovation
  6. Different levels of intervention
  7. The “practice ground” helps to combine social innovations
  8. There are multiple resources and barriers

Social innovation is everyone’s task… and ours too

Gráficos agentes

We all work together to boost the “facilitators” of social innovation...

Innovación social en REE


Available only in Spanish

A project with great challenges

  • Icono de manosTo boost the capacities of the people of the Lecrín Valley and promote their mutual collaboration.
  • Icono de flechasTo identify environmental, social and economic opportunities existing in their territory.
  • Icono de premioTo improve the competitiveness of the products and services in the area by exploiting new technologies.

... and with great goals

Objetivos Lecrinnova
  1. Attractive. To make the Lecrín valley attractive to the resident population and to potential new residents. The valley has a privileged location, abundant natural resources and the capacity to generate quality agricultural products.
  2. Connection.To connect the district's production system to the most dynamic components of the urban economy and to its most innovative agents.
  3. Evolution. To support the capacity to evolve in the current context, adapting to the market, to the territorial capital and to the inspiration of the population.
  4. Good atmosphere.To help generate an atmosphere of innovation and enthusiasm for the collective project.


Objectives of Lecrinnova
What does Lecrinnova do? Our main objective We have a clear purpose
  • It identifies needs and opportunities for local development
  • It sets out methods for collaborative working
  • It makes use of the territorial resources to impel competitive and innovative projects

Of shared value from the beginning, the main objective is to integrate processes and methods of territorial activity with advanced, innovative technologies.

    To collaborate with public and private institutions to work on an authentic social innovation project that can be replicated in any other territory.


      Lecrinnova programmes

      Alternative Agriculture

      Alternative Agriculture
      • To promote differentiation of local products as a factor for competitiveness
      • Integration of traditional production with new, more advanced technologies

      The Rural Environment

      The Rural Environment
      • To promote the regeneration of habitats and ecosystems
      • To apply the technical design of a training action specific to each intervention

      Training and Enterprise

      Training and Enterprise
      • To develop training and support actions for young people and entrepreneurs
      • To help young people and entrepreneurs to develop products, to organise more efficiently and to relate better to the market


      • To strengthen the rural development strategy for the Lecrín Valley
      • To improve market awareness
      • To design tourist products
      • To generate actions and channels for communications

      3 large projects focused on women and entrepreneurs

      See further information by hovering the cursor over the icons

      • Aimed at unemployed or temporarily employed women of between 25 and 44 years of age
      • Training support for working on their own initiatives and developing their potential
      • Aimed at people with current products and services seeking new opportunities
      • Creation of novel proposals for existing products and services
      • Aimed at entrepreneurs with a business idea or project in need of drive
      • Support to projects in strategic sectors, with more efficient organisation and better related to the market
      Texto alternativo
      Texto alternativo


      • Aimed at unemployed or temporarily employed women of between 25 and 44 years of age
      • Training support for working on their own initiatives and developing their potential
      Texto alternativo


      • Aimed at people with current products and services seeking new opportunities
      • Creation of novel proposals for existing products and services
      Texto alternativo


      • Aimed at entrepreneurs with a business idea or project in need of drive
      • Support to projects in strategic sectors, with more efficient organisation and better related to the market

      La mujer rural

      Women play a key role in developing the rural environment. Let us make them more visible and improve their opportunities and not let their talent drain away to other regions.

      Rural women

      Data on women in rural areas


      49,15% of the
      rural population


      24% of jobs
      in the
      agricultural sector



      68% of
      agricultural wage-earners
      work part time



      50% of non-agriculture
      female employment
      is provided by the



      €400 - €1,000
      is the most
      heavily represented
      women’s wage range



      Masculinisation index
      (6 points above the national index)


      Gráficos Nivel de Estudios

      Let’s talk about discrimination

      Discrimination against women in rural areas is, on the one hand, “vertical”, as women tend to have worse positions in the labour hierarchy: they own 32% of farms, but they are only managers in 22% of cases. Family structure in the rural economy manifests itself as a less visible role for women, who participate “spouse” and not as “owner” in the company, especially in agricultural ones.

      On the other hand, there is also “horizontal” discrimination in sector distribution, as women’s occupation in the services sector (78.5%) is 37 points higher than that of men.

      You can see full information here: Diagnosis of gender equality in the rural environment



      Gráficos Sectores de ocupación


      Invisible work

      Women devote a great deal of time to domestic work and house-keeping, which are unpaid and invisible. In rural areas, furthermore, the gap in time devoted to these tasks is even more pronounced:

        Women Men
      House-keeping 5h 39 min 3h 40 min
      Domestic work 5h 31 min 1h 48 min

      Source: Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food


      Depopulation is one of Spain’s greatest challenges. Providing solutions to the problem of depopulation will be critical to advancing sustainable Spain, so that each territory, however small, can have access to the opportunities it needs to develop. We should not waste part of our country's social, economic, human, cultural or environmental capital and must close the territorial divide to work towards a sustainable Spain.

      Depopulation advances uncontrolled...


      20% of the population
      resides in
      rural areas


      80% of
      municipalities at
      risk of extinction



      14 provinces are
      in a
      “critical” situation



      1.300 municipalities
      with fewer than
      100 people



      10 autonomous communities
      with negative natural


      ...and, at this rate, the country is expected lose more than half a million people by 2031 and more than five million inhabitants by 2066

      More information on the website of the Government Commissioner for Demographic Challenge

      The problem has 4 dimensions

      The problem has 4 dimensions

      An increasingly aged rural environment

      Depopulation not only represents a territorial challenge, it is also a demographic challenge, especially for rural inland areas. For every child under 15, there are two adults aged over 65 in six out of ten municipalities, and there are no children aged under five in more than 1,000 towns and villages.

      An aging population raises problems of health care, dependency and, in general terms, maintenance and balance of the Welfare State itself.


      Source: CSIC

      We are dealing with a cross-cutting problem




      What is blockchain?

      Blockchain is a large database that enables transactions to be carried out between users of the network in a secure and irreversible way, using networks that understand each other, without needing to be centralised. The information is grouped into blocks, which are linked together in a chain, and hence the name of this new cutting-edge technology: “blockchain”.

      More importantly ... why is blockchain a good opportunity for a more dynamic and populated rural environment?

      New technologies and benefits for all those living in rural areas...

      • 1Reactivation of rural life, economic boost and wealth creation.
      • 2Improved quality of life and greater opportunities for local population.
      • 3Modernisation of traditional activities with new production processes or technologies.
      • 4Greater efficiency and competitiveness.
      • 5Risk alert and management, with faster response.
      • 6New financing solutions.
      • 7Traceability of products, more quality control and greater consumer information.
      • 8Better producer-consumer relationship and proximity without intermediaries.
      • 9Valorisation of the resources on offer.


      A specific example: Precision agriculture and drones

      Precision agriculture and drones

      Precision Agriculture applied new technologies based on sensors and information systems to optimise crop yields thanks to remote images of the land and processing multiple sources of data that are continually analysed and interpreted. Drones are very useful for this activity, because they allow accurate high-resolution maps to be obtained.


      Precision Agriculture is a clear example of the usefulness of new technologies for rural areas:

      Source: Ainia

      Are you familiar with these initiatives?

      European Innovation Association (EIP)

      European Innovation Association (EIP)

      A productive and sustainable agricultural association which aims to accelerate innovation in the agricultural sector and achieve a competitive agriculture that achieves greater yields with fewer resources and a reduced environmental impact.




      The IDi-A portal aims to support the agri-food and forestry sectors in the promotion of innovation. It serves as the interactive instrument of the National Forestry and Agri-Food Research and Innovation Programme.




      H2020 is a programme that funds research and innovation projects in various thematic areas with an overall budget of €77.02 billion. Within the agri-food and forestry sector, mainly focussed on the social challenge of food safety, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine research and marine and inland waters and bio-economy, the budget is €3.85 billion.