Grid2030 is a multi-year collaborative innovation programme where Red Eléctrica de España and InnoEnergy together explore radically new socio-economic or technical innovations related to the operation of the electricity system and its associated transmission grid.
The aim is to anticipate the future challenges of the energy transition, identifying the needs of the TSOs and accelerating the development of disruptive technological solutions.
The programme is open to entrepreneurs from public and private entities, universities, research centres and companies from around the world, and has an annual allocation amounting to one million euros.
Presentation of finalist projects of challenges 1 and 2 and presentation
of new challenges 3 and 4.
WHO IS IT FOR?
Grid2030 projects focus on innovation development with the objective of demonstrating that technology (below or at TRL4- Technology Readdiness Level 4), basic products, services or processes can work in a (future) business set up.
Why come on board?
InnoEnergy is the Innovation engine for sustainable energy across Europe. We support and invest in innovation at every stage of the journey – from classroom to end-customer.
With our network of partners we build connections across Europe – together we accelerate the development of market-ready solutions, and create a fertile environment in which we can sell the innovative results of our work.
More information at http://www.innoenergy.com
In a future society with a CO2 free energy system the TSO must ensure continuous energy supply and maintain current levels of reliability in an efficient way. Among the many technical challenges to support this mission, Grid2030 will focus on the following:
The objective of this challenge is to improve the knowledge of the physical state and real-time dynamic behaviour of the existing assets of the power transmission network.
For a Transmission System Operator (TSO), having a detailed knowledge of the physical state and real-time dynamic behaviour of its power transmission network is increasingly important in order to keep up with the rising requirements of the energy transition (large shares of renewable energy sources, electrification of the economy, active demand, new players in the power system, etc.).
Proposals for this challenge should aim at increasing the volume and value of systematic real-time and non-real time collection of relevant data about the physical state and condition of the transmission network. In scope of this challenge are among others solutions building on Internet of Things (IoT) to support decision making on asset maintenance, power system operation, monitoring, control and the introduction of greater automation.
Example areas of proposal might include (the list is non-exhaustive):
The objective of this challenge is to identify new services and solutions for the TSO, based on emerging digital technologies that help facilitate the transition to an upcoming energy model that is cleaner, more decentralized, highly efficient, and at least as reliable as the present-day energy system.
The future of power systems is likely to be characterized by large shares of renewable generation, a highly electrified society and economy (with electric mobility playing a major role in that electrification), more decentralized resources, entirely new players, empowered end-users and a high level of power market integration. In this exciting context, Transmission System Operators (TSOs) need innovative ideas to keep the power system safe, reliable and up to the required quality standards.
Proposals for this challenge should aim at developing digital solutions which enable TSOs to play a leader role in the energy transition through their impact both on the power system and the society, while guaranteeing the continuity of supply.
Example areas of proposal might include (the list is non-exhaustive):
To accelerate the widespread deployment of power electronics in the system. Removing existing barriers to mass deployment of power electronics in the power grid of the future by reducing costs associated with these facilities or improving performance. This requires developing new configurations and optimized designs, new materials and advance control methodologies and interoperability, among other changes that could cause a disruptive change to the current state of technology.
System development based on power electronics solutions enables more reliable power management. Several features justify its deployment: It is adaptable to a wide range of applications because of its fast transient response capability, such as voltage and frequency instability problems; it is also a key technology for renewable generation, storage and facilitation of the active customer approach. Power electronics devices should be completely flexible and modular and allow for a compact and smart replacement of traditional solutions, thus implying low distortion in the network. Among other developments that could cause a disruptive change to the current state of technology, are:
There are particular situations of special relevance for the application of power electronic solutions which an applicant may consider:
To develop new resources for system flexibility compatible with a carbon free energy system. Promoting advances in controllability of renewable generation, new or improved storage systems and components driving to significant cost reduction for the energy system as a whole. These improvements could come from the use of different materials, advances in production processes, design of new solutions or technologies, etc.
Flexibility is the amount of electrical power that can be modulated, based on the needs of the system within a specific unit of time. This refers mainly to high-speed generation response and load resources, as well as storage devices (that can play both roles according to system needs). Nevertheless, the grid could become a source of flexibility itself with technologies that have similar effects as the aforementioned to cope with system constraints (examples are DLR systems and active devices). However, in order to garner as much benefit as possible from these resources, it is necessary that the flexibility is managed and performs properly under all circumstances.
Specific topics on this challenge could be (but are not limited to) the following:
Participants apply to as many challenges as they wish while the call is open.
Grid2030 team supports applications, answers questions and provides feedback to help participants draft the best applications.
The proposals with highest quality are invited to participate in the Orchestration stage. Here, several complementary applicants are matched together and receive support to commonly compose a proposal for a Grid2030 project. The main goal of the orchestration stage is to align the parties towards composing a proposal for maximum impact via integrated activities.
The best project proposals coming from the Orchestration stage are selected for execution and funding based on:
The current energy transition to a coal-free economy is profoundly changing the infrastructure of the grid globally as well as the management of the energy paradigm. The penetration rate of renewable energies has already reached 30% of the total installed capacity in some countries, and the pace of implementation is expected to accelerate in the coming years (up to 70% in 2030 according to the latest scenarios raised by ENTSO-E). Among other changes, the grid is increasingly interconnected, requiring the management of bidirectional power flows in its nodes and requiring greater flexibility. This means that the network will demand new features from its components. However, conventional power transformers are not prepared to support the new requirements, because they do not have intrinsically capable abilities with respect to the active support of the system. Therefore, it is necessary to develop power electronics solutions that meet the needs exposed in the power grid in an effective way and with reduced cost.
The FST (Flexible Smart Transformer) project consists in the development of a new multipurpose device with additional advantages compared to very high voltage power converters. First, it proposes a coupling through dielectric medium instead of a closed ferrite core at the stage of the high frequency transformer to reduce weight significantly, give intramodularity and scalability to the system, and perform in a simple way the Very high voltage insulation design. Second, the use of SiC (silicon carbide) technology helps reduce the volume of the entire system. All these features help to drastically reduce maintenance and transportation costs.
Some of the potential applications are: solid state transformers (SST); AC / AC converters; HV Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACT); High voltage energy storage systems (ESS); HVDC links; HV DC / DC; UPFC (Unified Power Flow Controller) and offshore wind farms.
Given the enormous possibilities offered by this new disruptive technology and to make the most of its benefits, the development of this project will focus on the potential practical application of a REAL case of the Transportation Electric Network, Bescano-Sentmenat 400 kV line, with the objective of mitigating the oscillations between areas paying special attention to the reactive power compensation and power flow control.
First, it will begin with a prototype phase applicable to only two modules to later reach the final objective through the serial-parallel association of individual modules until a UPFC (Unified Power Flow Controller) device with these characteristics is reached:
REE, as TSO, is responsible for generating and maintaining the transmission system of the power grid. Because of this, their responsibilities include having sufficient capacity to respond to the country’s electricity demand. In addition to this, all TSOs are aware of the need to maintain network quality in the system. And they not only care about the network quality requirements of the devices connected to it, but also about making resources available to restore it to acceptable values for supply. FST devices will a tool with great added value to meet these goals.
The rise of variable renewable energy sources like wind and solar power and the gradual decommissioning of conventional power plants driven by fossil fuels or nuclear energy result in the decline of the system inertia in power networks. The development of modern power networks leads to an increasing complexity in the power systems studies and more particularly to new challenges in power system stability analysis and control. The lack of inertia will make increasingly difficult to maintain a constant frequency in the system with damping of inter-area oscillations which will become more critical. The main challenge which will be addressed in the RITSE project is to contribute to increase the power system flexibility with the development of new stability resources and their associated integrated controls as new tools for the power system operators.
RITSE aims to enhance the electricity system’s transient stability and small signal stability via innovative controls to i) improve the behaviour of the HVDC-VSC link (DVAC), ii) for battery storage systems (BATTERTIA) and iii) for a correct coordination of both (DVAC + BATTERTIA).
DVAC consists of an innovative control to improve the behaviour of the HVDC-VSC links, thus contributing to the transient and small signal stability improvement of the connected AC power networks.
BATTERTIA proposes a development and experimental validation of a novel control system for distributed storage systems with batteries, offering an improved behaviour compared to the battery systems which are currently installed.
The two solutions are complementary as DVAC acts on the global scale while the BATTERTIA solution acts locally. Their coordination will yield in increased margins of the transient stability in the AC power system and will support future stability of the networks with high share of renewable energy and reduced system inertia.
The combination of control strategies for distributed storage systems with batteries and for HVDC-VSC links is of prime interest for TSOs. In practice, the BATTERTIA solution allows the creation of strong zones within the power systems that respond predictably and in a conventional way to system perturbations. DVAC manage the interaction between those zones and guarantee any potential oscillations to evolve in a safe and predictable way. Both controls will be tuned in a coordinated way in order to increase the damping produced by each of them separately.
TSOs and DSOs will benefit from an integrated and coordinated solution for improving the transient stability of future power networks. Such solution will facilitate TSOs to address the possible interarea stability issues caused by imminent integration of European electricity markets, among other reasons.
Transmission System Operators (TSOs) are in charge of delivering electricity in an efficient, resilient and safe manner. Renewable energies (wind and photovoltaic) have a rising role in the electrical systems and are going to become an important element to control. These new generation units are not based on conventional generation technologies and due to their uncertainty and its different technology, it is necessary to define an optimum performance. Transmission System Operators (TSOs) need innovative ideas to keep the power system safe, reliable and up to the required quality standards.
Scientific and technological progress has improved the functionalities that renewable generation units can provide to support the grid. TSOs must be aware and take advantage of the new capabilities that these new technologies can achieve and use them for the electric power system to operate optimally. We’ll develop a tool that will help REE define how these new agents such as solar generation, wind plants or mass storage elements will behave, to optimize the frequency response of the system. New energy resources based on power electronics offer the possibility of a wide range of behaviours.
It is expected for ENIGMA to be a strategic tool for REE, , helping to envision and define the future grid in diverse business areas: Planning Department, Demand management, Control System, etc. ENIGMA addresses future challenges in several aspects:
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You can now sign up for the Grid2030 program!
The call for applications will be open from November 23th 2017 to February 8th 2018. In this site you can find all the relevant information about the program, conditions to participate and how to register.
We are looking for motivated participants and innovative ideas with early...