Red Eléctrica de España has published the demand for electricity corresponding to the month of May, the second complete month under the state of emergency caused by the COVID-19, which saw the beginning of de-escalation and, consequently, an increase in economic activity. In this context, the national electricity demand for May is estimated at 18,366 GWh, 13.1% less than the figure recorded for the same month last year. After factoring in the seasonal and working patterns, the figure is 13.6% lower than in May 2019. This decrease is slightly less than the one registered last April, when the national demand was 17,003 GWh, that is, 17.8% less than the same month of the previous year.
The demand in the first five months of 2020 is estimated at 101,010 GWh, 7.8% less than in 2019. In this case, after taking into account the seasonal and working patterns, demand is 7.7% lower than in the same period of the previous year.
In May, and according to current estimates, generation from renewable energy sources accounted for 52.5% of production. From January to May, renewable generation reached 46.6% of the total electricity generated. May becomes the third month in the last decade to achieve the highest rate of renewable generation, only surpassed by that recorded in February 2014 (55.7%) and March 2018 (54.7%).
This month, 70,8% of electricity generation came from technologies which produce zero CO2 equivalent emissions.
According to the latest information, wind power production in May reached 3,968 GWh, which is 15.2% less than the same period last year, and accounted for 21.9% of the total production in Spain.
The demand for electrical energy falls 12.5% in the peninsular electricity system
In the peninsular electricity system, the electricity demand for May is estimated at 17,417 GWh, 12.5% less than the figure recorded for the same month last year. After factoring in the seasonal and working patterns, the demand is 13% lower than in May 2019.
The peninsular demand for electrical energy in the first five months of 2020 is estimated at 95,655 GWh, 7.7% less than in 2019. In this case, after taking into account the influence of seasonal and working patterns, demand was 7.6% lower than in the same period of the previous year.
During this month and according to current estimated data, 54.5% of peninsular generation came from renewable energy sources and 73.8% was obtained using technologies which produce zero CO2
equivalent emissions. Furthermore, wind energy in May stood at 3,894 GWh, a figure that is 15% below that registered in May last year, and contributed 22.6% to the generation mix.The demand for electrical energy in May decreased 31.3% in the Balearic Islands and 18.8% in the Canary Islands
In the Balearic Islands, the demand for electricity in May is estimated at 327,927 GWh, a value that is 31.3% lower than that recorded in the same month last year. After having factored in the influence of seasonal and working patterns, the figure decreased by 32.6% with respect to May 2019. The demand of the Balearic Islands during the first five months of 2020 is estimated at 1,912,726 GWh, 15.1% less than in 2019.
Combined cycle, with 77.2% of the total, was the leading source of electricity generation in the Balearic Islands, whereas renewable technologies, which produce zero CO2
equivalent, accounted for 7.6%. For the fifth consecutive month, coal-fired generation was not used to produce any MWh in the Balearic Islands' electricity system.
Regarding the Canary Islands, demand for electricity is estimated at 588,254 MWh, which is 18.8% less than that recorded in May 2019. After having factored in the influence of seasonal and working patterns, the figure decreased by 18.5% with respect to the same month in 2019. So far in 2020, overall demand in the Canary Islands is estimated at 3,280,162 MWh, a decrease of 8.8% compared to the same period last year.
During May and according to current estimated data, combined cycle was the leading technology in the Canary Islands generation mix, with a contribution of 39.9%. Renewables and zero-emission technologies accounted for 16.8% of the generation on the Canary Islands.
Consult our Daily balance report
for more information on the National
, Balearic Islands
and Canary Islands
electricity systems as at the close of May.