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What are smart grids?

According to the definition of the Smart Grids European Technology Platform, a smart grid concerns an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the behaviour and actions of all users connected to it - generators, consumers and those that do both - in order to ensure a sustainable and economically efficient energy system, with low losses and high levels of quality and security of supply.

Smart grids have a critical role in the transformation process of the functionalities of existing electricity transmission grids and distribution networks, facilitating the fulfilment of the 20-20-20 targets and ensuring a high level of security, quality and economic efficiency of electricity supply. 

Characteristics of a smart grid 

Flexible

  • Flexible and adaptable to the changing needs of the system
  • Bidirectional
  • Safe and intensive use of the infrastructures

Intelligent and secure

  • Capable of self-healing and protecting itself in a simple and secure manner
  • Availability of the necessary information in real time

Efficient

  • Allows energy requirements to be met whilst minimising the need for new infrastructures

Open

  • Allows the safe integration of renewable energies
  • Facilitates the development of the electricity markets
  • Allows new business opportunities to be created

Sustainable

  • Respectful with the environment
  • Socially accepted